Malnutrition describes becoming too much or too small of certain nutrients. It may cause serious health problems, including cardiovascular disease, eye problems, diabetes, obesity, and growth. Countless people are affected. Some people have a higher risk of developing particular kinds of malnutrition based on assets, lifestyle, and their surroundings. This report discusses different types, symptoms, and causes for malnutrition and supplies advice about treatment and prevention.
Malnutrition is a state that leads to overconsumption or a deficiency.
Kinds of Illness include:
- Undernutrition: This kind of malnutrition results in not getting enough carbohydrates, protein, or micronutrients. It contributes to reduced weight-for-height (wasting), height-for-age (stunting) and also weight-for-age (underweight).
- Overnutrition: Overconsumption of particular nutrients, like protein, fat, or calories, may also cause malnutrition. This leads to obesity or overweight.
Individuals that are undernourished frequently have deficiencies from minerals and vitamins, particularly magnesium, iron, and vitamin A.
Micronutrient deficiencies may happen with overnutrition. It is likely to become fat or overweight but not receive sufficient vitamins and minerals. That is because foods that bring about overnutrition, like fried and sugary foods, are inclined to be high in fat and calories but low in other nutrients (4).
Malnutrition contains undernutrition and overnutrition, each of which may result in health issues and nutrient deficiencies when not treated.